An assessment of correlation between fingerprint and malocclusion in a sample of Erbil city.


  • Bahoz Himdad Majeed Department of Preventive, orthodontic and preventive, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.
  • Omar Fawzi Chawshli Department of POP, College of Dentistry, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.



Dermatoglyphics, Fingerprints, Angle’s Classification, Malocclusion


Abstract: Background and Objective: Dermatoglyphics has been shown to be useful in predicting orofacial abnormalities. The objective of this study was to explore if there is any link
between fingerprints patterns and malocclusion type among a sample of Erbil city.
Method: In this cross-sectional study, A total of 1000 finger prints were taken from 100
participants that were students, patients, and staffs of college of dentistry at Hawler Medical University. Age group was from 18 to 30. The fingerprints were recorded to analyze the
type of pattern by digitalized finger scanner. Occlusion status was clinically assessed using
Angle's classification of malocclusion.
Results: The Angle's Class I malocclusion was the most common type of malocclusion
among the study participants, according to the data in this study. The most predominant
fingerprint was loop pattern and the least pattern was arch. All three types of fingerprints
were mostly found in participants with Angle’s Class I malocclusion. There was no significant difference between types of finger print patterns in all ten hand fingers and malocclusions.
Conclusion: in all 10 fingers of both hands, there was no correlation between any patterns
of fingerprints and malocclusions.


Perillo L, Esposito M, Caprioglio A, Attanasio S,

Santini AC, Carotenuto M. Orthodontic treatment

need for adolescents in the Campania region: the

malocclusion impact on self-concept. Patient

preference and adherence. 2014;8:353.

Perillo L, Esposito M, Contiello M, Lucchese A, Santini AC, Carotenuto M. Occlusal traits in developmental dyslexia: a preliminary study. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 2013;9:1231 3. Akbari M, Lankarani KB, Honarvar B, Tabrizi R,

Mirhadi H, Moosazadeh M. Prevalence of malocclusion among Iranian children: A systematic

review and meta-analysis. Dental research

journal. 2016;13(5):387.

Alvarado K, López L, Hanke R, Picón F, RivasTumanyan S. Prevalence of malocclusion and

distribution of occlusal characteristics in 13-to

-year-old adolescents attending selected

high schools in the municipality of San Juan, PR

(2012–2013). Puerto Rico Health Sciences

Journal. 2017;36(2):61-6.

Mtaya M, Brudvik P, Åstrøm AN. Prevalence of

malocclusion and its relationship with sociodemographic factors, dental caries, and oral

hygiene in 12-to 14-year-old Tanzanian schoolchildren. The European Journal of Orthodontics. 2009;31(5):467-76.

Reddy BRM, Sankar SG, Roy E, Govulla S. A

comparative study of dermatoglyphics in individuals with normal occlusions and malocclusions. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR. 2013;7(12):3060.

Cummins H. The topographic history of the

volar pads (Walking pada; Tastballen) in the

human embryo. Contrib Embryol. 1929;20:103


Sharma A, Somani R. Dermatoglyphic interpretation of dental caries and its correlation to

salivary bacteria interactions: An in vivo study.

Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and

Preventive Dentistry. 2009;27(1):17.

Okajima M. Development of dermal ridges in

the fetus. Journal of Medical genetics. 1975;12


Milicić J, Bozikov J. Dermatoglyphs of digitopalmar complex in autistic disorder: family

analysis. Croatian medical journal. 2003;44


Singh E, Saha S, Jagannath G, Singh S, Saha S,

Garg N. Association of dermatoglyphic peculiarities with dental caries in preschool children

of Lucknow, India. International journal of clinical pediatric dentistry. 2016;9(1):39.

Kumar G. Orban's Oral Histology & Embryology

-E-BOOK: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2015.

Tikare S, Rajesh G, Prasad K, Thippeswamy V,

Javali S. Dermatoglyphics—a marker for malocclusion? International dental journal. 2010;60


Ramani P, Abhilash P, Sherlin HJ, Anuja N,

Premkumar P, Chandrasekar T, et al. Conventional dermatoglyphics-Revived concept: A

review. Int J Pharma Bio Sci. 2011;2(3):446-57.

Lakshmi V. Dermatoglyphics and orthodontics–

A review. Ann Essences Dent. 2013;5:30-3.

Khandelwal R, Mittal A, Saijanani S, Tuteja A,

Bansal A, Bhatnagar D, et al. Qualitative and

quantitative dermatoglyphic traits in patients

with breast cancer: a prospective clinical study.

BMC cancer. 2007;7(1):1-5.

Igbigbi P, Msamati B, Ng ambi T. Plantar and

digital dermatoglyphic patterns in Malawian patients with diabetes, hypertension and diabetes

with hypertension. International Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism. 2000;9:24-31.

Rosa A, Fañanas L, Bracha HS, Torrey EF, van Os

J. Congenital dermatoglyphic malformations and

psychosis: a twin study. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2000;157(9):1511-3.

Balgir R. Dermatoglyphic studies in epilepsy,

juvenile delinquency and criminality and mental

retardation: A review. Acta Anthropogenet.


Alter M, Schulenberg R. Dermatoglyphics in congenital heart disease. Circulation. 1970;41(1):49-

Qazi QH, Masakawa A, McGann B, Woods J.

Dermatoglyphic abnormalities in the fetal alcohol

syndrome. Teratology. 1980;21(2):157-60.

Schaumann B, Alter M. Dermatoglyphics in medical disorders: Springer Science & Business Media;

Bazmi BA, Sarkar S, Kar S, Ghosh C, Mubtasum H.

A cross sectional study of dermatoglyphics and

dental caries in Bengalee children. Journal Of

Indian Society of pedodontics and preventive

dentistry. 2013;31(4):245.

Mathew L, Hegde A, Rai K. Dermatoglyphic peculiarities in children with oral clefts. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 2005;23(4):179.

Atasu M, Kuru B, Firatli E, Meriç H. Dermatoglyphic findings in periodontal diseases. International journal of anthropology. 2005;20(1):63-75.

Jindal G, Pandey RK, Gupta S, Sandhu M. A comparative evaluation of dermatoglyphics in different classes of malocclusion. The Saudi Dental

Journal. 2015;27(2):88-92.



Men: Ten Specialized Studies in Physical Anthropology in Mexico, Central America and the West

Indies. 1936(7):77.

Galton F. Finger prints1892.

Mossey P. The heritability of malocclusion: part

The influence of genetics in malocclusion.

British journal of orthodontics. 1999;26(3):195-

30. Mohammad BH, Abdul‐Jabbar MF, Mohammed

MH. Prevalence of angle’s classification of malocclusion among patients Attending Orthodontic

Department in College of Dentistry‐retrospective

cross‐sectional study. Erbil Dental Journal (EDJ).


Aikins E, Onyeaso C. Prevalence of malocclusion

and occlusal traits among adolescents and young

adults in Rivers State, Nigeria. OdontoStomatologie Tropicale. 2014.

Gudipaneni RK, Aldahmeshi RF, Patil SR, Alam MK.

The prevalence of malocclusion and the need for

orthodontic treatment among adolescents in the

northern border region of Saudi Arabia: an epidemiological study. BMC oral health. 2018;18(1):1-6.

Shrestha BK, Yadav R, Basel P. Prevalence of malocclusion among high school students in Kathmandu valley. Orthod J Nep. 2012;2(1):1-5.

Heng GS, Ismail NA, Rahman ZAA, Anan A. Distribution of fingerprint patterns among young adults

and siblings in Malaysia. Int J Med Sci. 2018;3


Shrestha I, Malla BK. Study of fingerprint patterns

in population of a community. JNMA: Journal of

the Nepal Medical Association. 2019;57(219):293.

Wijerathne BT, Rathnayake GK, Adikari SC, Amarasinghe S, Abhayarathna PL, Jayasena AS. Sexual

dimorphism in digital dermatoglyphic traits

among Sinhalese people in Sri Lanka. Journal of

Physiological Anthropology. 2013;32(1):1-9.

Gangadhar MR, Reddy KR. Finger dermatoglyphics of Adikarnatakas: A scheduled caste population

of Mysore City, Karnataka. Man in India.


Bansal HD, Hansi D, Badiye A, Kapoor N. Distribution of fingerprint patterns in an Indian population. Malaysian Journal of Forensic Sciences.


Jaja B, Igbigbi P. Digital and palmar dermatoglyphics of the Ijaw of Southern Nigeria. African

journal of medicine and medical sciences. 2008;37


Igbigbi P, Msamati B. Palmar and digital dermatoglyphic traits of Kenyan and Tanzanian subjects.

West African journal of medicine. 2005;24(1):26-

Mansata AV, Chawda J, Makwana TR, Lakhani GY,

Patel GC, Thakrar MR, et al. Dermatoglyphics and

Malocclusion: An Assessment of Fingerprints with

Malocclusion in School Children.

Banik SD, Pal P, Mukherjee DP. Finger dermatoglyphic variations in Rengma Nagas of Nagaland

India. Collegium antropologicum. 2009;33(1):31-5.

Cho C. A finger dermatoglyphics of the new Zealand‐Samoans. Korean Journal of Biological Sciences. 1998;2(4):507-11.

Biswas S. Finger and palmar dermatoglyphic

study among the Dhimals of North Bengal, India.

The Anthropologist. 2011;13(3):235-8.

Tiwari S, Chattopadhyay P. Finger dermatoglyphics of the Tibetans. American Journal of Physical

Anthropology. 1967;26(3):289-96.

Karmakar B, Kobyliansky E. Finger and palmar

dermatoglyphics in Muzeina Bedouin from South

Sinai: A quantitative study. Papers on Anthropology. 2012;21:110-22.

Bhasin M. Genetics of castes and tribes of india:

dermatoglyphics. International Journal of Human

Genetics. 2007;7(2):175-215.

Poudel P, Dahal S, Thapa VB, Shrestha A, Sherchan P. Dermatoglyphic Pattern and Types of Malocclusion among Individuals visiting A Medical

Institution of Nepal.

Shetty SS, Li GSM, Babji NAB, Yusof LSBM, Yang

NNJ, Jun TD, et al. Dermatoglyphics: A prediction

tool for malocclusion. Journal of Datta Meghe

Institute of Medical Sciences University. 2019;14


Deepti A, Dagrus K, Shah V, Harish M, Pateel D,

Shah N. Dermatoglyphics: a plausible role in dental caries and malocclusion? Indian Journal of Oral

Health and Research. 2016;2(1):32.




How to Cite

Majeed BH, Chawshli OF. An assessment of correlation between fingerprint and malocclusion in a sample of Erbil city. EDJ [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 30 [cited 2023 May 31];5(2):126-32. Available from:



Original Articles